China Service info
Dialing code for China
Emergency numbers in China
Fire department 119
Safety in China
China is generally a quite safe country, but as a tourist, you should be conscious regarding safety and precautions that need to be taken when visiting any of its cities. It is really important to mention that the most important safety precaution is awareness of the little scams since there are no big crimes or any other dangerous things to be afraid of. Since you are likely to be surrounded by huge crowds often while in China, make sure that your wallet and other valuables are protected, since pickpockets usually target places with a lot of people. In that manner, carrying lots of cash with you should be avoided as well.
As a tourist, you will also be quite interesting to scammers who will offer to take you to “cultural events”, show you some of the important parts of the city, and many other things, taking more than twice as much money than it usually costs. Avoid that, and stick only to reliable guides and tours.
Some precautions should be taken when crossing the street, too, since some drivers tend to drive aggressively fast.
Overall, no big and serious things may interfere while being on a tour in this rather beautiful and peaceful country.
Healthcare in China
Some big cities in China, like Beijing or Hong Kong, have a highly developed health care system and hospitals with highest standards. However, some other cities are not quite developed regarding it, and may not offer the same care.
If you need serious medical assistance, major cities will provide adequate healthcare, having emergency and accident wards, while rural areas are not that convenient. If you happen to be in such an area, it is the best to call for an ambulance, since the nearest hospital may be kilometers away. Calling an ambulance is free, no matter from which phone. Be aware that if you are not visiting a hospital for foreigners, you will probably have to take someone with you who speaks Chinese and language you know.
The high level of air pollution is usually the most serious thing that can affect you while visiting some of the major urban and industrialized areas, so if you have some pre-existing medical conditions, you should specifically be careful. It is also important to note that you should not drink water from a faucet since it is not drinkable in China at all. In that manner, you should only drink bottled water and take it with you everywhere. Generally, it is necessary just to take some ordinary precautions, get prepared and enjoy your stay.
Money in China
The official currency of the People’s Republic of China is renminbi (人民币; rénmínbì). The basic unit of the renminbi is yuan (元/圆). Yuan is usually used to refer to the Chinese national currency. Prices are usually labeled with CNY or ¥ (yuan), or RMB (renminbi). Official ISO code for Chinese currency is CNY. Hong Kong has its own currency, Hong Kong dollar (HK$).
You may hardly find some shops or restaurants that accept U.S. Dollars, Euros or Pounds, so the safest way is to exchange your money beforehand or to take yuans from an ATM. ATMs (取款机; qǔkuǎn jī) are usually can be found in touristic places and areas, and they mostly accept credit cards from any place abroad. However, you should stick to the ATMs of the reputable banks (银行; yínháng) such as the Bank of China, ICBC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China), HSBC, Bank of America, Citibank, Standard Chartered, or CITIC. Credit cards are usually accepted in most hotels, restaurants, supermarkets and shopping malls, but it is definitely good to have some cash for just in case because the cards cannot be used everywhere. Money can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices (外汇兑换处; wàihuì duìhuàn chǔ), post offices, as well as in some hotels and restaurants.
Exchange rates as of November 2015:
1$=6.39CNY; 1€=6.79CNY; 1£=9.69CNY
For most recent rates check www.xe.com
Electricity in China
Electrical sockets (outlets) in the China generally supply electricity at 220V, 50HZ AC. If your electrical devices use another voltage, you will need an adapter which can be bought in China.
Electrical sockets in China usually combine three types of plugs: 2 prong plug, 2 rounded plugs, and 3 prongs angled plug. If you cannot plug in your electrical devices in these kinds of plugs, you will need a socket adapter.
Internet access in China
China is the country with the biggest number of internet users. Consequently, generally, you will not have too much trouble to be online. The quality of the internet connection in China is overall good, but in some places not so great. In touristic places, most of the hotels, restaurants and cafes usually have free wireless connection.
Internet access is controlled by the government (as is in every other country in the world), via so-called “Great Firewall of China”. Access to some websites, including most of the western social media, is restricted. Internet cafes (网吧; wǎngbā) can be found in touristic areas, but you may have to provide your passport if you want to use it. The price of the internet service in internet cafes generally ranges from CNY3 to CNY7 per hour.